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Low levels of miR-143-3p are associated with severe chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps

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V. Tubita - M. Fuentes - B. Callejas - M. Bantulà - C. Marin - I. Alobid - J. Bartra - A. Valero - J. Roca-Ferrer - J. Mullol

microRNAs (miRNAs) are small, single-stranded, non-coding RNA molecules that regulate post-transcriptional gene expression. Accumulating evidence suggests their involvement in regulating various biological and pathological processes, including inflammation.
Studies have revealed distinct expression patterns of miRNAs in Chronic Rhinosinusitis with (CRSwNP) and without (CRSsNP) nasal polyps (1). Specifically, miR-155 and miR-21 have been observed to be upregulated in CRSwNP, increasing and attenuating the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, respectively (2,3). Conversely, the downregulation of miR-34, miR-449, and members of the miR-200 family has been associated with impaired ciliogenesis and the regulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition, respectively (4,5). Nonetheless, the direct role of miRNAs in CRSwNP is still being investigated.

Rhinology 0-0: 0-0, 0000

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