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Skin Prick Automated Test device offers more reliable allergy test results compared to a manual skin prick test

Volume: 62 - Issue: 2

First page: 216 - Last page: 222

S.F. Seys - K. Roux - C. Claes - L. Van Cappellen - L. Werpin - D. Loeckx - H. Sebrechts - S. Gorris - L. Van Gerven

BACKGROUND: The skin prick test (SPT) is the gold standard for identifying allergic sensitization in individuals suspected of inhalant allergy. A novel device, SPAT or Skin Prick Automated Test, that enables more standardized allergy testing has been developed. Previous research has shown reduced intra-subject variability of histamine wheals by SPAT.
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate within-test agreement (% of patients with consistent test results) to detect sensitization to common inhalant allergens when a SPT is executed automated by SPAT or by manual SPT (SPMT) procedure.
METHODS: The 110 volunteers prospectively enrolled underwent both SPAT and SPMT with 3 pricks of house dust mite, timothy grass and birch, 2 pricks of histamine and 1 prick of glycerol. The proportion of consistent (3x positive – 3 x negative) and inconsistent (2x positive/negative – 1x positive/negative) test results were analysed.
Results: The proportion of inconsistent test results was significantly lower in the SPAT compared to the SPMT group. The delta histamine to control pricks was significantly higher in SPAT compared to SPMT group. Coefficient of variation was lower in SPAT compared to SPMT for house dust mite, timothy grass, birch pollen. Visual analogue scale for discomfort was significantly lower in SPAT compared to SPMT group.
CONCLUSION: SPAT showed a 34% reduction in the number of inconsistent test results compared to manual SPT with common inhalant allergens. Patient experience is significantly improved when an allergy test is performed by SPAT compared to a manual SPT.

Rhinology 62-2: 216-222, 2024

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