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The influence of inhibitors of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) on chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps

Volume: 62 - Issue: 1

First page: 101 - Last page: 110

I.M. Passos - E. Tamashiro - M.Z. Fantucci - A.A.B. Murashima - L.E.C.M. Silva - D.M. Garcia - F.M. Faria - R.B. Martins - E. Arruda - W.T. Anselmo-Lima - F.C.P. Valera

Background: Inhibitors of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) modulate the inflammatory process, and may facilitate the formation of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). This study aimed to observe if IAPs were differently expressed between patients with CRSwNP and controls, and to correlate the expression of IAPs with some inflammatory markers, as with the response to nasal corticosteroids in patients with CRSwNP.
Methodology: We obtained nasal biopsies from patients with CRSwNP (n=27) and controls (n=16). qRT-PCR measured the expression of IAPs and caspases, while Luminex assay measured the concentration of cytokines. Unpaired parametric tests and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) were used for statistical analysis.
Results: We observed lower expression of IAP genes (XIAP, BIRC2/IAP1, and BIRC3/IAP2) in CRSwNP patients compared to controls, and we identified that patients with bad response to corticosteroids presented lower levels of BIRC2/IAP1, XIAP, BCL2, CASP9, and IL-17, and higher levels of CASP7 and TGF-β.
Conclusions: IAPs expression was downregulated in CRSwNP, and was associated with poorer response to nasal corticosteroids. The present findings suggest the importance of IAPs as a link between environment and the host inflammatory responses, and this pathway could be explored as a potential new target therapy for patients with CRSwNP.

Rhinology 62-1: 101-110, 2024

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