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Trigeminal cold receptors and airflow perception are altered in chronic rhinosinusitis

Volume: 62 - Issue: 1

First page: 63 - Last page: 70

C. Migneault-Bouchard - K. Lagueux - J.W. Hsieh - M. Cyr - B.N. Landis - J. Frasnelli

Background: In chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), nasal obstruction can often be explained by anatomical deformities, polyps, or congested nasal mucosa. However, in cases with little deformity or inflammation, perceived nasal obstruction may result from reduced airflow perception caused by an alteration of the intranasal trigeminal system. The aim of this study was to assess this association.

Methodology: We performed a prospective case-control study of 15 CRS patients, 18 patients with a deviated nasal septum (DNS) and 16 healthy controls. We assessed olfactory function using the Sniffin’ Sticks test and Visual Analog Scales (VAS). We used the Trigeminal Lateralization Task (TLT) with eucalyptol and cinnamaldehyde to examine intranasal trigeminal function. Further, we assessed nasal patency with Peak Nasal Inspiratory Flow and VAS. Finally, we measured protein levels of trigeminal receptors (TRPM8, TRPA1 and TRPV1) and inflammatory markers (IL-13, INF-γ and eosinophils) in CRS and DNS patients’ mucosal biopsies using Western Blots.

Results: CRS patients had significantly lower olfactory function than DNS and healthy controls. They also had significantly lower TLT scores for eucalyptol than both other groups. CRS patients had significantly lower nasal patency than controls; for DNS patients this was limited to subjective measures of nasal patency. In line with this, CRS patients exhibited significantly higher levels of sTRPM8-18 than DNS patients.

Conclusions: Intranasal trigeminal function is decreased in CRS patients, possibly due to the overexpression of short isoforms of TRPM8 receptors.

Rhinology 62-1: 63-70, 2024

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