Article # 1736
Journal Rhinology 55 - 4
Article Title The fate of the bone graft in cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea endoscopic repair for idiopathic intracranial hypertension: a retrospective case series analysis
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a common cause of spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks necessitating surgical intervention, and grafting of septal, mastoid, or turbinate bone over the defect is increasingly performed to strengthen the repair of the primary defect. However, the postoperative fate of these grafted bone fragments is largely unknown.
METHODOLOGY: We performed a retrospective study of patients at the University of Pennsylvania undergoing repair of spontaneous CSF leaks secondary to IIH. Preoperative and postoperative CTs were analyzed to determine the integration status of the transplanted bone.
RESULTS: Fourteen patients with IIH and spontaneous CSF leak were analyzed, with a mean postoperative imaging follow-up period of four years. Thirteen patients (93%) had bone present on CT imaging, with 11 of these patients displaying evidence of bone integration. Two patients (14%) had a recurrent CSF leak in the same area, including the patient with absence of bone on imaging follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS: Bone grafts frequently incorporate when used for repair of spontaneous CSF leaks associated with IIH. The rate of incorporation is comparable to bone grafts used for other etiologies of CSF leak, despite the increased pressure on the repair site. Any rigid repair of the leak site should likely be accompanied by treatment of the underlying intracranial hypertension to avoid leak recurrence.
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