Article # 1643
Journal Rhinology -
Article Title Regional recurrence in a case series of patients with carcinoma of the nasal cavity therapeutic implications
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Surgery is the primary treatment option for squamous cell carcinomas of the nasal cavity (NCSCC). Nodal involvement is rare at the time of initial diagnosis, and the role of diagnostic neck dissection as well as potential adjuvant irradiation of the neck remains controversial. The objective of this study was to assess the oncologic outcomes of patients with NCSCC with special emphasis on cervical lymph node treatment and recurrence.
METHODS: 37 previously untreated patients were included in this study. Demographic data, tumor characteristics, therapeutic management, and clinical outcome were analyzed.
RESULTS: Patients with advanced stage tumors were slightly overrepresented in this study and overall 3-year disease-free survival was 63%. A surgical treatment approach was pursued in 89% (n=33) of patients. After total rhinectomy, there were no cases of local recurrence. Overall, 12% (n=4) of all surgically treated patients developed local recurrence. While in 45% of patients (n=15), neck dissection was performed at the time of tumor resection, initial lymph node metastasis was histologically confirmed in only 6% (n=2) of surgically treated patients. Cervical lymph node recurrence occurred in 18% (n=6) of patients, predominantly those with advanced stage tumors, despite prior treatment of the neck.
CONCLUSION: Excellent local control is achievable for patients with NCSCC, especially with radical tumor resection. While cervical lymph node metastasis is rare at the time of diagnosis, regional lymph node recurrence needs to be taken into consideration when planning therapy and follow-up. Multimodal treatment of the neck may be required for patients with advanced stage tumors.
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