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Self-reported anxiety and depression unchanged after endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis

Volume: 56 - Issue: 3

Firstpage: 234 - Lastpage: 240

K.N. Adams - T.A. Schuman - C.S. Ebert - W. You - M.O. Tomoum - B.A. Senior

BACKGROUND: Prior research has established that anxiety and depression, as measured by the Hospital Anxiety Depression Score (HADS), are strongly correlated with disease-specific quality of life (Rhinosinusitis Disability Index - RSDI) in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). We hypothesized that anxiety and depression would decrease after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), and furthermore that HADS would predict improvement in RSDI following surgery.
METHODOLOGY: The study cohort from 2014 consisted of 99 CRS patients who underwent nasal endoscopy, RSDI, and HADS evaluation. The cohort was segregated by whether or not they underwent FESS and an updated HADS was administered. For 44 surgical patients, pre- and post-operative RSDI (n=38), Lund-Kennedy (LK) (n=34) and HADS (n=18) scores were compared. Delta RSDI was compared between patients with varying levels of anxiety and depression.
RESULTS: Lund-Kennedy scores improved from 5.8 4.1 to 3.2 2.6 following surgery, as did total RSDI (39.3 26.8 to 24.6 29.2). Total HADS (9.8 6.4 to 11.3 7.4) and depression and anxiety subscores were unchanged. Linear regression did not reveal a correlation between HADS and change in RSDI following FESS. Delta RSDI was not significantly different between patients with varying levels of anxiety and depression.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite improvements in objective evidence of sinonasal inflammation (LK) and disease-specific quality of life (RSDI), neither depression nor anxiety improved after FESS, nor did the magnitude of psychological comorbidity predict post-operative improvement in quality of life. Improvement in RSDI was not different among patients with varying levels of anxiety and depression. Levels of depression and anxiety may be hard-wired, and therefore not influenced by changes in objective or perceived sinonasal disease burden.

K.N. Adams - T.A. Schuman - C.S. Ebert - W. You - M.O. Tomoum - B.A. Senior - Self-reported anxiety and depression unchanged after endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis
Rhinology 56-3: 234-240, 2018